Element Attributes

Element attributes are a powerful means of controlling the built-in settings of individual block and inline elements. They’re also used to apply user-defined behavior and supplemental information, such as citation information and fallback content, to certain elements.

What are element attributes?

Element attributes define the built-in and user-defined styles, behavior, and metadata that are applied to an individual block element or inline element in a document.

Element attributes:

  • Declare the ID of an element

  • Turn on or turn off an individual element’s built-in features

  • Configure the built-in features of an individual element

  • Apply user-defined information, such as citation metadata, fallback text, link text, and target content, to an individual element

  • Apply user-defined roles and behaviors to an individual element

Element attributes are classified as positional or named. They’re set and defined directly on the element they’re modifying using an attribute list.

Attribute lists

Attributes are assigned to block and inline elements using an attribute list.

Attribute lists:

Anatomy of an attribute list